Geometries of the first triplet and first singletn-π* excited states of benzaldehyde have been optimized using thesindo 1 molecular orbital wave-function (with CI) and the Newton-Raphson method. The triplet excited state geometry of the molecule is found to be appreciably non-planar whereas that of the singlet excited state is planar. A crossing of molecular orbitals occurs in going from the ground state equilibrium geometry to the triplet and singletn-π* excited state equilibrium geometries. Existence of the para-directing effect of the singletn-π* transition for electronic charges found in an earlier work is confirmed by the present work. The tripletn-π* excitation rearranges electronic charges mainly on the CHO group. It is found that the dipole moment of the molecule would appreciably increase following the singletn-π* excitation whereas the same would appreciably decrease following the tripletn-π* excitation.
Volume 94, 2020
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