A new approach to permanent confinement of non-relativistic and relativistic particles inside microscopic regions of space is presented. Motion in suitably chosen energy-dependent potentials turns out to be such that the size of orbits of particles bound in such potentials decreases when energy is supplied to them from external sources and there exists a maximum size of these orbits. The energy spectrum is purely discrete without any continuum. The dynamics of such particles requires the introduction of a space-dependent metric in the Hilbert space of states to ensure conservation of probability.
Volume 95, 2021
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