The effect of small concentrations of non-magnetic substitutional impurities (characterized by changes in mass, nearest neighbour force constants and local electron-phonon interaction) on the observability of superconducing (sc) gap excitations in 2H-NbSe2 by Raman scattering is considered within the theoretical framework of Balseiro and Falicov (bf). The phonon self-energy when evaluated forq=0 using the Einstein oscillator model for the host phonons is seen to have a pole corresponding to the impurity mode besides the gap excitation one around 2Δ previously obtained bybf. A splitting of the impurity mode into two in thesc state is predicted. An enhancement occurs in the strength of thesc gap excitation peak whenever it is close to the impurity mode. The data from the experiments of Sooryakumar, Klein and Frindt on impure samples of 2H-NbSe2 are discussed in the light of the present calculation.
Volume 96, 2022
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