It is proved that the groupG=SU(n) has a decompositionG=FCF whereF is a maximal abelian subgroup andC is an (n − 1)2 parameter subset of matrices. The result is applied to the problem of absorbing the maximum possible number of phases in the mass-diagonalising matrix of the charged weak current into the quark fields; i.e., of determining the exact number of CP-violating phases for arbitrary number of generations. The inadequacies of the usual way of solving this problem are discussed. Then=3 case is worked out in detail as an example of the constructive procedure furnished by the proof of the decomposition theorem.
Volume 95, 2021
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