The signal-to-noise improvement ratio (SNIR) of a Box-Car averager is calculated for various noise sources such as random white noise, exponentially correlated noise, etc. For a time constant (RC), and a sampling time ε, the quoted value of SNIR as (2RC/ε)1/2 is shown to be strictly correct only when the noise is white and deviation from this law is expected for other non-white noise sources. The validity of some of the calculated expressions is established by direct measurement of noise output.
Volume 95, 2021
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