Amplitude scintillations of ATS-6 radio beacon signals within the equatorial electrojet region (Ootacamund, dip 4° N)
R G Rastogi M R Deshpande Hari Om Vats K Davies R N Grubb J E Jones
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The recordings of the amplitudes of radio beacon signals on 40, 140 and 360 MHz from ATS-6 (at 34° E longitude) recorded at Ootacamund, India (11.43° N, 76.70°E, dip 4°N, elevation angle 41°) have revealed largest occurrence of scintillations for about 60% of cases around 2200 hr during the nighttime, and two secondary peaks (25% of cases) around 0900 hr and 1400 hr during the daytime.
During the daytime, the scintillation decreases approximately as the inverse of the frequency for higher frequencies while for lower frequencies the law is valid till scintillation index at 40 MHz does not exceed 0.9. The temporal variation of daytime scintillation shows impulsive character, the duration of activity lasts for 1–2 hours at a time.
During the nighttime, the scintillation decreases inversely with frequency for weak and moderate scintillation activity. The scintillation index at 360 MHz becomes independent of that at 140 MHz when the index at 140 MHz exceeds 0.85. For the set of frequencies 40–140 MHz, on some occasions scintillation index at 40 MHz is seen to be less than that at 140 MHz. The nighttime scintillations are in general stronger and remain so for extended length of time.
The daytime scintillations are suggested to be due to blanketing or some other non-q type of sporadicE layer. The nighttime scintillations are most probably due to spreadF condition and the abnormal frequency variation of the scintillations may be due to multiple scattering layer during periods of intense spreadF.
R G Rastogi1 M R Deshpande1 Hari Om Vats1 K Davies1 2 R N Grubb1 2 J E Jones1 2
Volume 97, 2023
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