The phenomenon of the disappearance of the shell effects on the thermodynamic properties of nuclei with increasing excitation energy has been examined quantitatively on the basis of numerical calculations based on realistic shell model single particle level schemes. It is shown that shell effects disappear at moderate excitation energies and above these excitation energies, the thermodynamic behaviour of the nucleus is identical to that of the equivalent liquid drop model nucleus. Implications of the above feature in the interpretation of some aspects of fission of excited nuclei such as mass-asymmetry and angular anisotropy are examined. The relationship of the phenomenon of washing out of shell effects at high excitation energies with the temperature smearing method of determining ground state shell correction energies is also outlined.
Volume 93 | Issue 6
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