The effects of cubic crystal fields on the saturation magnetic moment of Sm3+ ion in ferromagnetic compounds have been investigated. In samarium compounds with magnetic elements, the exchange fieldHex acting on Sm3+ ion is taken to be proportional to the sublattice magnetization of the magnetic element, while in compounds with nonmagnetic elementsHex is taken to be proportional to the spin average of the Sm3+ ion and is determined self-consistently. In both types of compoundsHex is assumed to be along  direction. The saturation magnetic moment is calculated by taking into account the admixture of excited (J=7/2 andJ=9/2) levels into the ground (J=5/2) level of Sm3+ ion by crystal fields and exchange fields. It is shown that depending upon the strength, the crystal fields quench or enhance the magnetic moment from the free ion value, and in some cases force Sm3+ ion to behave effectively like an (L+S) ion rather than an (L−S)ion. The crystal fields may have important bearing on the performance of samarium compounds as permanent magnet materials.
Volume 94, 2020
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