High pressure behaviour of liquid caesium
This paper deals with the anomalous behaviour of liquid caesium at high pressures. A model for the phenomenon of electron collapse in the liquid phase, based on the anomalous density variation of liquid caesium with pressure has been proposed. The process of 6s→5d electron collapse is pictured as the formation of a virtual bound state and the tunnelling process accounts for the 6s⇌5d dynamic conversion. The same model together with the Friedel sum rule has been used to explain the resistivity variation of liquid caesium with pressure. The resistivity minimum observed in most of the liquid alkali metals in the low pressure region has been explained. The agreement with the experimental curve is good in the low pressure region whereas a large discrepancy exists at higher pressures. This may be due to the breakdown of the Ziman’s resistivity formula under conditions of resonance scattering.
Volume 96, 2022
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