Stinespring representability and Kadison’s Schwarz inequality in non-unital Banach star algebras and applications
A completely positive operator valued linear map ϕ on a (not necessarily unital) Banach *-algebra with continuous involution admits minimal Stinespring dilation iff for some scalark > 0, ϕ(x)*ϕ(x) ≤ kϕ(x*x) for allx iff ϕ is hermitian and satisfies Kadison’s Schwarz inequality ϕ(h)2≤ kϕ(h2) for all hermitianh iff ϕ extends as a completely positive map on the unitizationAeof A. A similar result holds for positive linear maps. These provide operator state analogues of the corresponding well-known results for representable positive functionals. Further, they are used to discuss (a) automatic Stinespring representability in Banach *-algebras, (b) operator valued analogue of Bochner-Weil-Raikov integral representation theorem, (c) operator valued analogue of the classical Bochner theorem in locally compact abelian groupG, and (d) extendability of completely positive maps from *-subalgebras. Evans’ result on Stinespring respresentability in the presence of bounded approximate identity (BAI) is deduced. A number of examples of Banach *-algebras without BAI are discussed to illustrate above results.