On the first cohomology of cocompact arithmetic groups
Results of Matsushima and Raghunathan imply that the first cohomology of a cocompact irreducible lattice in a semisimple Lie groupG, with coefficients in an irreducible finite dimensional representation ofG, vanishes unless the Lie group isSO(n, 1) orSU(n, 1) and the highest weight of the representation is an integral multiple of that of the standard representation.
We show here that every cocompact arithmetic lattice inSO(n, 1) contains a subgroup of finite index whose first cohomology is non-zero when the representation is one of the exceptional types mentioned above.
Volume 131, 2021
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