The pericarp ofHibiscus sabdariffa can be differentiated into epicarp, mesocarp and endocarp. The epicarpic cells are vacuolated, compressed and tangentially elongated. The mesocarp becomes 5–7 layered thick and the vacuolation and disorganization of its cells are simultaneous with the fruit development. Three to five layered endocarp at mature stage possesses sclereids and fibers of diverse shapes. The dehiscence ofHibiscus sabdariffa fruit is loculicidally columnicidal.