• Anatomical features of stem in relation to quality and yield factors inSaccharum clones

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      Permanent link:
      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/plnt/088/03/0203-0212

    • Keywords

       

      Saccharum; anatomical features; quality and yield factors; fibre; rind in sugarcane

    • Abstract

       

      The results from a study of the relationships between external productive features of millable canes and quality characters as well as anatomical differences of stem in relation to both yield components and quality factors in 16 clones ofSaccharum involving rinded and rindless samples are discussed in this paper. The wide variations recorded for the various characters studied brought out the diversity in the genotypes besides indicating the relative importance of certain attributes in production and quality breeding, where cane weight and sucrose content play a leading role. The study revealed the major contribution of rind to fibre content and the value of appropriate levels of fibre as also the need for examining the different physical characteristics of the fibre which are conducive to both high levels of sucrose storage potential and better milling quality. From anatomical studies, varietal differences were recorded, but neither the smallest nor the largest cell volume was associated with extreme levels of fibre, brix or sucrose content.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      K V Bhagyalakshmi1 S S Narayanan1

      1. Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore - 641 007
    • Dates

       
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