• UV photometry of spotted stars in the horizontal branch of the globular cluster NGC 2808 using AstroSat

• # Fulltext

https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/joaa/042/0066

• # Keywords

Galaxy: globular clusters: individual (NGC 2808); stars: Hertzsprung; Russell and C–M diagrams; stars: horizontal-branch; stars: variables: general; ultraviolet: stars.

• # Abstract

A recent study of hot (20,000 to 30,000 K) extreme horizontal branch (EHB) stars in globular clusters (GCs) has led to the discovery of their variability. It is suggested that this variability is driven by the projected rotation of magnetic spots on the stellar surfaces and is expected to have higher amplitudes atshorter wavelengths. Here, we present the analysis of such hot stars in the massive GC NGC 2808 using the UltraViolet Imaging Telescope (UVIT), aboard AstroSat. We use the UVIT data in combination with the Hubble Space Telescope UV globular cluster survey (HUGS) data for the central region (within $\sim 2.7'\times 2.7'$) and ground-based optical photometry for the outer parts of the cluster. We generate the Far-UV (FUV)–optical colour-magnitude diagrams (CMDs) and in these we find a population of hot EHB stars fainter thanthe zero-age horizontal branch (ZAHB) model. A comparison of our FUV magnitudes of the already reported variable EHB stars (vEHBs) shows that the longest period vEHBs are the faintest, along with a tentative correlation between rotation period and UV magnitude of spotted stars. In order to firmly establish anycorrelation, further study is essential.

• # Author Affiliations

1. Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore 560 034, India.
2. Pondicherry University, R.V. Nagar, Kalapet 605 014, India.

• # Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy

Volume 43, 2022
All articles
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