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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/joaa/039/05/0053

    • Keywords

       

      Geomagnetic storms; interplanetary magnetic field; Ap index; solar wind proton density.

    • Abstract

       

      The aim of this paper is to investigate the association of the geomagnetic storms with themagnitude of interplanetary magnetic field IMF ($B$), solar wind speed ($V$), product of IMF and wind speed ($V\cdot B$), Ap index and solar wind plasma density ($n_{\rm p}$) for solar cycles 23 and 24. A Chree analysis by the superposed epoch method has been done for the study. The results of the present analysis showed that $V\cdot B$ is more geoeffective when compared to V or B alone. Further the high and equal anti-correlation coefficient is found between Dst and Ap index ($−$0.7) for both the solar cycles. We have also discussed the relationship between solar wind plasma density (np) and Dst and found that both these parameters are weakly correlated with each other. Wehave found that the occurrence of geomagnetic storms happens on the same day when IMF, $V$, Ap and $V\cdot B$ reach their maximum value while 1 day time lag is noticed in case of solar wind plasma density with few exceptions. The study of geomagnetic storms with various solar-interplanetary parameters is useful for the study of space weather phenomenon.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      MEENA POKHARIA1 LALAN PRASAD1 CHANDRASEKHAR BHOJ1 CHANDNI MATHPAL1

      1. Department of Physics, Govt. P.G. College, Berinag, Pithoragarh 262 531, India
    • Dates

       
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