Lightning black holes as unidentified TeV sources
KOUICHI HIROTANI HUNG-YI PU SATOKI MATSUSHITA
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Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes have revealed more than 100 TeV sources along the galactic plane, around 45% of them remain unidentified. However, radio observations revealed that dense molecular clumps are associated with 67% of 18 unidentified TeV sources. In this paper, we propose that an electron–positron magnetospheric accelerator emits detectable TeV gamma-rays when a rapidly rotating black hole enters a gaseous cloud. Since the general-relativistic effect plays an essential role in this magnetosphericlepton accelerator scenario, the emissions take place in the direct vicinity of the event horizon, resulting in a point-like gamma-ray image.We demonstrate that their gamma-ray spectra have two peaks around 0.1 GeV and 0.1 TeV and that the accelerators become most luminous when the mass accretion rate becomes about 0.01% of the Eddington accretion rate. We compare the results with alternative scenarios such as the cosmic-ray hadron scenario, which predicts an extended morphology of the gamma-ray image with a single power-law photonspectrum from GeV to 100 TeV.
KOUICHI HIROTANI1 HUNG-YI PU2 SATOKI MATSUSHITA1
Volume 44, 2023
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