Neutron stars and the equation of state
S. SCHRAMM V. DEXHEIMER A. MUKHERJEE J. STEINHEIMER
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The interior of neutron stars consists of the densest, although relatively cold, matter known in the universe. Here, baryon number densities might reach values close to ten times the nuclear saturation density. These suggest that the constituents of neutron star cores not only consist of nucleons, but also of more exotic baryons like hyperons or a phase of deconfined quarks.We discuss the consequences of such exotic particles on the gross properties and phenomenology of neutron stars. In addition, we determine the general phase structure of dense and also hot matter in the chiral parity-doublet model and confront model results with the recent constraints derived from the neutron star merger observation.
S. SCHRAMM1 V. DEXHEIMER2 A. MUKHERJEE1 J. STEINHEIMER1
Volume 44, 2023
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