• Effect of geomagnetic storms on VHF scintillations observed at low latitude

• # Fulltext

Permanent link:
https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/joaa/039/03/0036

• # Keywords

Geomagnetic storm; VHF scintillation; dst indices; ionospheric irregularities.

• # Abstract

A geomagnetic storm affects the dynamics and composition of the ionosphere and also offers an excellent opportunity to study the plasma dynamics. In the present study, we have used the VHF scintillations data recorded at low latitude Indian station Varanasi (Geomag. latitude $=$ 14$^{\circ}$55$'$N, long. $=$ 154$^{\circ}$E) which is radiated at 250 MHz from geostationary satellite UFO-02 during the period 2011–2012 to investigate the effects of geomagnetic storms on VHF scintillation.Various geomagnetic and solar indices such as Dst index, Kpindex, IMF Bz and solar wind velocity (Vx) are used to describe the geomagnetic field variation observed during geomagnetic storm periods. These indices are very helpful to find out the proper investigation and possible interrelation between geomagnetic storms and observed VHF scintillation. The pre-midnight scintillation is sometimes observed when the main phase of geomagnetic storm corresponds to the pre-midnight period. It is observed that for geomagnetic storms for which the recovery phase starts post-midnight, the probability ofoccurrence of irregularities is enhanced during this time and extends to early morning hours.

• # Author Affiliations

1. Atmospheric Research Lab, Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India.
2. Department of Applied Sciences, SRM University, NCR Delhi Campus, Modinar, India.

• # Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy

Volume 41, 2020
All articles
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