Neutron Star Physics in the Square Kilometre Array Era: An Indian Perspective
Sushan Konar Manjari Bagchi Debades Bandyopadhyay Sarmistha Banik Dipankar Bhattacharya Sudip Bhattacharyya R. T. Gangadhara A. Gopakumar Yashwant Gupta B. C. Joshi Yogesh Maan Chandreyee Maitra Dipanjan Mukherjee Archana Pai Biswajit Paul Alak K. Ray Firoza K. Sutaria
It is an exceptionally opportune time for astrophysics when a number of next-generation mega-instruments are poised to observe the Universe across the entire electromagnetic spectrum with unprecedented data quality. The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) is undoubtedly one of the major components of this scenario. In particular, the SKA is expected to discover tens of thousands of new neutron stars giving a major fillip to a wide range of scientific investigations. India has a sizeable community of scientists working on different aspects of neutron star physics with immediate access to both the uGMRT (an SKA pathfinder) and the recently launched X-ray observatory Astrosat. The current interests of the community largely centre around studies of (a) the generation of neutron stars and the SNe connection, (b) the neutron star population and evolutionary pathways, (c) the evolution of neutron stars in binaries and the magnetic fields, (d) the neutron star equation of state, (e) the radio pulsar emission mechanism, and (f) the radio pulsars as probes of gravitational physics. Most of these studies are the main goals of the SKA first phase, which is likely to be operational in the next four years. This article summarizes the science goals of the Indian neutron star community in the SKA era, with significant focus on coordinated efforts among the SKA and other existing/upcoming instruments.
Sushan Konar1 Manjari Bagchi2 Debades Bandyopadhyay3 Sarmistha Banik4 Dipankar Bhattacharya5 Sudip Bhattacharyya6 R. T. Gangadhara7 A. Gopakumar6 Yashwant Gupta1 B. C. Joshi1 Yogesh Maan8 Chandreyee Maitra9 Dipanjan Mukherjee10 Archana Pai11 Biswajit Paul12 Alak K. Ray6 Firoza K. Sutaria7
Volume 44, 2023
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