• Photoelectric Radial Velocities, Paper XVIII Spectroscopic Orbits for Another 52 Binaries in the Hyades Field

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    • Keywords


      Spectroscopic binaries; orbits; stars: late-type; stars: radial velocities; star clusters: Hyades.

    • Abstract


      Spectroscopic orbits are presented for 52 stars in the Hyades field, of which 41 prove to be actual members of the Hyades (with some reservations in two cases). Most of the stars concerned have not had orbits published for them previously. Three of them are of higher multiplicity. The already-known double-lined eclipsing system van Bueren 22 is demonstrated to be a triple system, as was obliquely announced 25 years ago; its `outer’ orbit, which has a period of about 8 years, is now determined. Van Bueren 75 is already known to be triple, but here the visual secondary is shown to be the (single-lined) spectroscopic sub-system, and an independent spectroscopic solution is given for the 40-year orbit of what has hitherto been regarded as the `visual’ pair. Van Bueren 102, for which a close visual companion was discovered comparatively recently, is a single-lined binary whose 𝛾-velocity has shown a steady drift over at least the last 30 (probably 50) years. Three stars, vB 39, 50 and 59, have notably high eccentricities of 0.85, 0.98 and 0.94, respectively; they have quite long periods (especially vB 50, which is over 100 years), and every one of them contrived to pass the whole of its recent periastron passage (about 180° of true anomaly) between seasons, at the time of year when the Hyades are unobservable!

    • Author Affiliations


      R. F. Griffin1

      1. The Observatories, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK.
    • Dates

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