• The influence of solar activity on the rainfall over India: Cycle-to-cycle variations

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/joaa/027/02-03/0367-0372

    • Keywords

       

      Solar activity; Indian rainfall; galactic cosmic rays; volcanic or interstellar dust

    • Abstract

       

      We use 130 years data for studying correlative effects due to solar cycle and activity phenomena on the occurrence of rainfall over India. For the period of different solar cycles, we compute the correlation coefficients and significance of correlation coefficients for the seasonal months of Jan–Feb (JF), Mar–May (MAM), June–Sept (JJAS) and Oct–Dec (OND) and,annual mean data. We find that: (i) with a moderate-to-high significance, Indian rainfall is correlated with the sunspot activity and, (ii) there is an overall trend that during the period of low sunspot activity, occurrence of rainfall is high compared to the period of high sunspot activity.

      We speculate in this study a possible physical connection between the occurrence of the rainfall and the sunspot activities and, the flux of galactic cosmic rays. Some of the negative correlations between the occurrences of the sunspot and rainfall activities obtained for different solar cycle periods are interpreted as effects of aerosols on the rain forming clouds due to either intermittent volcanic eruptions or due to intrusion of interstellar dust particles in the Earth’s atmosphere.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      K. M. Hiremath1

      1. Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore - 560 034, India
    • Dates

       
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