The formation of spiral structure in a galaxy, as a result of the gravitational perturbation caused by a permanent companion, is studied. It is found that spiral structure appears only when a resonance exists between the rotational frequency of the stars in the galaxy and the rotational frequency of the companion galaxy. The number of spiral arms depends strongly on the particular resonance. In the case where the companion moves in an elliptic orbit, spiral arms are formed when a resonance, inside the galactic body, exists in almost all the parts of the orbit or, at least, in the largest part of it.
Volume 41, 2020
Continuous Article Publishing mode
Since January 2016, the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy has moved to Continuous Article Publishing (CAP) mode. This means that each accepted article is being published immediately online with DOI and article citation ID with starting page number 1. Articles are also visible in Web of Science immediately. All these have helped shorten the publication time and have improved the visibility of the articles.
Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode