Lines formed in rotating and expanding atmospheres
Spectral lines formed in a rotating and expanding atmosphere have been computed in the frame of the observer at infinity. Two kinds of velocity laws are employed: (i) a uniform radial velocity of the gas and (ii) velocity increasing with radius (i.e. velocity gradients). The atmosphere has been assumed to be rotating with constant velocity. We have considered maximum radial and rotational velocities to be 10 and 3 mean thermal units respectively in an atmosphere whose geometrical thickness is 10 times the stellar radius. The total radial optical depth at line centre is taken to be about 100. In all cases, Doppler profile and a source function which is varying as 1/r2 have been used.
Generally, the lines are broadened when rotation is introduced. However, when radial motion is also present, broadening becomes asymmetric and the red emission and blue absorption are enhanced.
Volume 40 | Issue 4
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