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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jgen/099/0057

    • Keywords

       

      cowpea; yard-long bean; molecular markers; DArT marker; quantitative trait loci.

    • Abstract

       

      Both cowpea and yard-long bean belong to Vigna unguiculata ssp. unguiculata but have diverged through human induced evolution in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, respectively. To map the quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for yield associated traits and derive new lines that may combine the attributes of both types, we developed a F2:3 mapping population derived from a cross between cowpea line TVu2185 and yard-long bean line TVu6642. Using DArT markers, a total of 30 QTLs accounting for 1.8–13.0% phenotypic variation was detected for pod and seed traits. Some novel major QTLs for peduncle number per plant (qPeN2.2), pod length (qPoL3), seed breadth (qSB4), length (qSL7.2) and thickness (qST9) identified on chromosomes 2, 3, 4, 7 and 9, respectively, are particularly interesting and need to be validated. Moreover, we confirmed previously reported QTLs for pod length (qPoL8) and 100-seed weight (qSW8) on chromosome 8 and for seed number per pod (qSN9.2) on chromosome 9 suggesting usefulness for marker-assisted-selection purpose. Notably, some QTLs for these traits were clustered especially on chromosomes 5, 7, 8, 9 and 10 indicating the presence of the same QTL or linked loci in these regions. Moreover, the involvement of epistasis was observed for trait expressions, but compared with the main effect QTLs, the phenotypic effects of epistatic-QTLs detected were much less. The present QTL analysis may provide a useful tool for breeders to formulate efficientbreeding strategy for introgression of the desirable alleles for yield related traits in cowpea using molecular markers.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      ANA LUI´SA GARCIA-OLIVEIRA1 ZEWDNEH ZANA ZATE1 2 BUNMI OLASANMI2 OUSMANE BOUKAR1 MELAKU GEDIL1 CHRISTIAN FATOKUN1

      1. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), PMB 5320, Ibadan 200001, Nigeria
      2. PAULESI-Pan African University, Institute of Life and Earth Sciences, University of Ibadan, Ibadan 200001, Nigeria
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