The number of gene mutations involved in the hereditary spastic paraplegias is rapidly growing due to the expansion of the frontiers of genomic research by next-generation DNA sequencing platforms. Nevertheless, a comprehensive genetic diagnosis method remains yet unavailable for these diseases. In the current research, an 8-year-old boy with short stature and developmental delay impairment, from a nonconsanguineous family, was referred to our genetic lab. Firstly, based on the physician recommendation, the patient was evaluated by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) for the quantitative examination of amino acids, and then the patient was genetically investigated by karyotype analysis and whole-exome sequencing (WES) technique. Subsequently, targeted Sanger sequencing was applied to confirm the presence of the candidate variant in all the members of the family and screening the other patients for Troyer syndrome. Analysis of inherited metabolic disorders by tandem MS/MS showed the state of all the family members as normal and also karyotyping indicated no chromosomal aberration in the patient. Further investigation by WES technique indicated a homozygous missense variant in the SPG20 gene, c.1006C[T. Targeted sequencing result of the mutation confirmed homozygote state for the affected case and a heterozygote genotype for his parents. The mutation was classified as pathogenic. Detection of novel variants especially pathogenic variantin the SPG20 gene was associated with Troyer syndrome, which encodes a multifunctional protein termed Spartin, assist in improving genotype–phenotype correlation of genetic variants and may facilitate initial diagnosis of Troyer syndrome.
Volume 100, 2021
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