Genetics of novel brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) resistance genes in derived introgression lines from the interspecific cross O. sativa var. Swarna × O. nivara
The brown planthopper (BPH) Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) (Homoptera: Delphacidae) is considered a threat to rice (Oryza sativa ssp.) crop in many parts of the world including India. Among the BPH-resistance (R) genes so far reported in rice, most of them are ineffective against BPH biotype 4 predominant in the Indian sub-continent. In this study, we show the introgression line RPBio4918-230S was identified as BPH resistant after five years of rigorous screening at seedling stage and two years at tillering and reproductive stages. The inheritance of resistance indicated that two recessive genes are involved at seedling and reproductive stages. The allelic relation with known genes using linked reported markers suggested that the genes present in RPBio4918-230S are different. We report here the genetics of the two newly introgressed BPH resistance genes from O. nivara in the background of Swarna which are effective at all the important growth stages. The genes have been tentatively named as bph39(t) and bph40(t). The honeydew area (feeding rate) and days to wilt parameters observed at 30 days after sowing in BC1F3 indicated that newly introgressed genes have both antibiosis and tolerance mechanisms for resistance. The BPH resistance genes identified in this study would facilitate the breeding of broad spectrum and durable resistance in rice against BPH biotype 4.
Volume 101, 2022
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