Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) H19, a well-known oncogenic lncRNA, is overexpressed in various cancers. Several studies have investigated the association between polymorphisms in lncRNA H19 and the risk of various cancer types; however, the findingswere inconsistent. In this study,we performed ameta-analysis to identify the precise association between H19 polymorphismsand cancer risk. Appropriate studies were retrieved from searching Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, and Google scholar databases, updated 25 November 2018. The pooled odds ratios (ORs with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to estimate the strength of the association between H19 polymorphisms and cancer risk. Our findings revealed that the H19-rs217727 C>T polymorphism is significantly associated with an increased risk of overall cancer in homozygous codominant (OR=1.28, 95%CI=1.04–1.57, P =0.020, TT vs CC), dominant (OR=1.20, 95% CI=1.04–1.37, P =0.010, CT+TT vs CC), recessive (OR=1.21, 95% CI=1.00–1.46, P =0.048, TT vs CT+CC), and allele (OR=1.16, 95%CI=1.05–1.28, P =0.003, T vs C) genetic models. No significant correlations were observed between H19: rs2839698 G>A, rs2107425 C>T, rs2735971 C>T, rs3024270 G>C, rs3741219 T>C, rs2839701 C>G, rs2735469 C>T, rs17658052 G>A, and rs3741216 T>A polymorphisms and overall cancer risk. Stratified analysis by cancer type proposed that the rs217727 variant is associated with increased risk of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) andlung cancer, whereas the rs2839698 variant is associated with increased risk of gastrointestinal cancer. Taken together, these findings support an association between H19 rs217727, and rs2839698 polymorphisms and cancer susceptibility. Larger and well-designed studies are necessary to further confirm these findings in detail.
Volume 100, 2021
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