• Genetics of resistance to Cercospora leaf spot disease caused by Cercospora canescens and Psuedocercospora cruenta in yardlong bean (Vigna unguiculata ssp. sesquipedalis) × grain cowpea (V. unguiculata ssp. unguiculata) populations

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jgen/097/05/1451-1456

    • Keywords

       

      cowpea; yardlong bean; Cercospora leaf spot; generation mean analysis; Cercospora canescens.

    • Abstract

       

      Yardlong bean (Vigna unguiculata ssp. sesquipedalis), a type of cowpea, is an important vegetable legume of Asia. Cercospora leaf spot (CLS) caused by Cercospora canescens and Psuedocercospora cruenta is an important phytopathological problem of the yardlong bean grown in tropical regions. The objectives of this study were to (i) determine mode of inheritance of resistance to CLS caused by C. canescens and P. cruenta, (ii) estimate the heritability of the resistance, (iii) estimate genetic effects on the resistance using six basic populations generated from the cross between the susceptible yardlong bean ‘CSR12906’ and the resistant grain cowpea (V.unguiculata spp. unguiculata) ‘IT90K-59-120’. Segregation for the resistance to both fungi in the F2 population fitted both 3 : 1 ratio and 13 : 3 ratio of susceptible:resistant, while that in the BC2 ((CSR12906×IT90K-59-120)×IT90K- 59-120) population fitted a 1 : 1 ratio, suggesting one recessive gene or two genes with inhibitory gene action control the resistance. Generation mean analysis showed that a simple additive–dominance model was adequate to explain the genetic control of CLS disease resistance, indicating that a single gene controls the resistance. The average number of major genes (effective factors) controlling the resistance was estimated to be 1.05 and 0.92 for C. canescens and P. cruenta, respectively. The broad-sense heritability calculated for resistance to both diseases was higher than 0.90. Altogether, these results indicated that the resistance to CLS disease caused by C. canescens and P. cruenta in grain cowpea IT90K-59-120 is a highly heritable trait governed by a single major recessive gene.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      USA DUANGSONG1 KULARB LAOSATIT1 PRAKIT SOMTA1 2 PEERASAK SRINIVES1 3

      1. Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy, Kasetsart University, Kamphaeng Saen Campus, Nakhon Pathom 73140, Thailand
      2. Center for Advanced Studies for Agriculture and Food (CASAF), Kasetsart University Institute for Advanced Studies, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
      3. Royal Society of Thailand, Sanam Suea Pa, Dusit, Bangkok 10300, Thailand
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Genetics | News

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