Wilson disease (WD) is an autosomal recessive disorder of copper metabolism. The gene responsible for WD was discovered in 1993 and is located on chromosome 13 at 13q14.3. It encodes a copper-specific transporting P-type ATPase. Early diagnosis can improve treatment outcome and decrease the rate of disability or even mortality.We used Sanger sequencing to identify mutation hot spots in 55 northern Vietnamese with a clinical diagnosis of WD. Mutations were screened and detected by direct DNA sequencing. A total of 26 different ATP7B gene mutations were identified, including seven novel mutations (five nonsense and two missense mutations). The most frequent mutations were p.Ser105Ter (24.55%), p.Arg778Leu (5.45%) and p.Thr850Ile (4.55%). Mutation detection rate in exon 2 was 34.55% and ranked first, followed by exon 8 with 16.36%, and exon 18 with 10.91% each, thus, exons 2, 8 and 18 are the mutation hot spots for northern VietnameseWD patients. These findings were different from previousstudies in Asia. Our research established a suitable strategy for ATP7B gene testing in northern Vietnamese WD patients.
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