This paper presents the state of genetic health of the human populations in two Romanian counties, Bacau and Vaslui, as they are different in area, number of inhabitants, level of economic and social development, etc. The data presented in this paper is from the Public Health Directions of the two counties, reflecting the situation recorded during 2006–2013. In the 8 years study, 1894 cases of congenital and chromosomal disorders were recorded in the newborns from the populations in the two counties. The identified cases were distributed based on years, categories of disorders and sexes. The average frequency of congenital disorders in the two populations over the investigated period was about 1.65 in Bacau county and 1.83% in Vaslui counties. In the population of Bacau county, these disorders affect in the same number in both the sexes (49.62% female cases and 50.38% male cases), while in Vaslui, the male cases are more than the females (53.92 and 46.08%, respectively). The main congenital disorders observed were: cardiovascular system anomalies, musculoskeletal system, urogenital system, etc. During the investigation period, in the human population of Bacau county, 97 cases of newborns with chromosomal disorders were diagnosed (0.16% of the living newborns), while in Vaslui county there were 106 cases (0.26% of the living newborns). Among these disorders, the Down’s syndrome was the most frequent one, representing 83.5 and 85.8% of cases in the population of Bacau county, and Vaslui counties.
Volume 101, 2022
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