Clinical end-point traits are usually governed by quantitative precursors. Hence, there is active research interest in developing statistical methods for association mapping of quantitative traits. Unlike population-based tests for association, family-based tests for transmission disequilibrium are protected against population stratification. In this study, we propose a logistic regression model to test the association for quantitative traits based on a trio design. We show that the method can be viewed as a direct extension of the classical transmission diequilibrium test for binary traits to quantitative traits. We evaluate the performance of our method using extensive simulations and compare it with an existing method, family-based association test. We found that the two methods yield comparable powers if all families are considered. However, unlike FBAT, which yields an inflated rate of false positives when noninformative trios with all three individuals’ heterozygous are removed, our method maintains the correct size without compromising too much on power. We show that our method can be easily modified to incorporate multivariate phenotypes. Here, we applied this method to analyse a quantitative endophenotype associated with alcoholism.
Volume 101, 2022
Continuous Article Publishing mode
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