Interspecific and intergeneric hybrids in herbage grasses - VIII.Lolium loliaceum, Lolium remotum andLolium temulentum, with references to ‘Lolium canadense’
In the present account of interspecific crosses in the herbage grasses attention is concentrated on the three annual speciesLolium loliaceum, L. remotum andL. temulentum.
The three have been found to be inter-fertile to the extent that the three possible hybrid types have been obtained as established plants.
L. loliaceum stands clearly apart from the other two species in some of its breeding reactions. With eitherL. remotum orL. temulentum it gave reasonably good seed-setting and high seed germination, but the seedlings developed very abnormally apparently because of lack of co-ordination between the different plant parts.
Apart from all other considerations, the fact that this was common to the hybrids with bothL. remotum andL. temulentum brings these two species into a special class. In addition, these two species are easily intercrossed and theF1 hybrids develop normally up to pollen formation. It is suggested that failure at pollen formation is caused by gene combinations. This possibility is not entirely removed by the results obtained by using for breeding an odd line (‘L. canadense’) which could not definitely be placed in eitherL. remotum orL. temulentum. A barrier to normal full fertility undoubtedly exists between the two types, but divergence has not yet proceeded very far.
The interaction of the three species with the normally wind-pollinatedLolium types is also reviewed.
I wish to express my gratitude to Mr A. R. Beddows, M.Sc., for invaluable assistance in the execution of the breeding programme; to the present Director of the Welsh Plant Bleeding Station, Prof. E. T. Jones, M.Sc., for providing access to the breeding records and facilities for writing up the work; and to the Agricultural Research Council for providing financial facilities.
Volume 100, 2021
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