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    • Keywords


      Shear wave quality factor; strong motion records; attenuation; inversion scheme.

    • Abstract


      This paper investigates the three-dimensional frequency-dependent attenuation structure of the Garhwal Himalaya in the Indian subcontinent. Based on the distribution of earthquakes and recording stations in the Garhwal Himalaya, the entire region of 152 ${\times}$ 94 km$^2$ is divided into 108 three-dimensional uniform rectangular blocks. These blocks are assumed to be of thickness 5 km that extends to 15 km depth. Each block represents the rock of different attenuation coefficients. The S-phase of strong motion records has been used to estimate the shear wave quality factor in each block by the inversion of spectral acceleration data. The inversion of spectral acceleration data is based on the modified technique of Joshi (2007) and Joshi et al. (2010) which was initially given by Hashida and Shimazaki (1984). The earthquake data of 19 events digitally recorded by 33 stations of the strong motion network between 2005 and 2017 have been used in this paper. The outcome of the inversion process is the shear wave quality factor at all frequencies present in the records. The three-dimensional attenuation structure at various frequencies is presented in this paper and is correlated with the regional tectonics of the Garhwal Himalaya. The correlation of attenuation structure at 10, 12 and 15 Hz with the tectonics of the region indicates that the shear wave quality factor has a strong relationship with the tectonics of the region. The values of the shear wave quality factor at different frequencies obtained from inversion have been used to obtain a relation of shear wave quality factor Q$_{\beta}$(f)=107f$^{0:82}$ for the region of Garhwal Himalaya for frequencies 10–16 Hz. The comparison of obtained shear wave quality factor with other studied relations clearly indicates that the obtained relation is close to what has been obtained in earlier studies and thereby indicates the reliability of obtained three-dimensional shear wave attenuation structure from inversion of spectral data.

    • Author Affiliations



      1. Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India.
    • Dates

  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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