On monitoring two major current systems of the north Indian Ocean using an array of deep-sea moorings
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The region between the southern tip of the Indian subcontinent and the equator links the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. A significant exchange of mass, heat and salt occurs in the region via two major current systems: the monsoon current (dominant annual cycle) and the equatorial current (dominant semi-annual cycle). This paper presents observations from deep-sea mooring programmes and describes the rationale for maintaining a mooring array along 77.4°E to monitor both current systems. Analysis shows that the semi-annual to annual cycle transition occurs at 2–2.5°N, with the winter monsoon current peaking at 5°N, the summer monsoon current at 3–6°N, and the equatorial current at 0–1°N.
VINEET JAIN1 P AMOL2 S G APARNA1
Volume 132, 2023
Continuous Article Publishing mode
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