• Multi-tiered, disrupted crust of a sheet lava flow from the Diveghat Formation of Deccan Traps: Implications on emplacement mechanisms

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    • Keywords

       

      Deccan traps; pulsed emplacement; sheet flow.

    • Abstract

       

      The crust is a vesicular layer that caps the compact core of sheet lava flows. We describe for the first time, a crust composed of multiple layers (each distinguished by a chilled glassy rind) from the Diveghat Formation in the western Deccan Volcanic Province. The multiple layers of crust developed over a single compact core of a single sheet lava flow, are shown to have been sequentially deformed in multiple phases. This is interpreted to have resulted from the endogenous emplacement of lava in successive pulses (rather than as a continuous stream) during the extrusion of the sheet lava flow. This model has several implications on the mechanism of emplacement of sheet flows in continental flood basalt provinces.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      GAURI DOLE1 SHILPA PATIL-PILLAI1 VIVEK S KALE2

      1. Department of Environmental Science, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune 411 007, India.
      2. Advanced Center for Water Resources Development and Management, Pune 411 052, India.
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    • Supplementary Material

       
  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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