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      Permanent link:
      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jess/129/0112

    • Keywords

       

      Long period magnitude; radiated seismic energy; velocity spectra; broadband data; regional earthquakes; energy magnitude

    • Abstract

       

      To provide reliable and quick estimation of magnitude for moderate to large earthquakes at regional distances, two magnitude relations specific to the peninsular shield have been proposed based on long-period magnitude ($M_{A}$) and energy magnitude ($M_{E}$), using broadband velocity data of 23 regional events recorded at 18-station seismic network in the state of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, India. $M_{A}$ is estimated using amplitude of filtered (0.03–0.08 Hz) broadband velocity seismograms, while $M_{E}$ is estimated based on radiated energy using broadband velocity spectra. It is observed that $M_{A}$ for larger events with $M_{w}$ >7.2 saturates, whilst $M_{E}$ does not suffer from saturation even for larger events. Thus, it is apparent that these two magnitude relations can provide magnitude estimates without saturation for all moderate to large regional earthquakes, which, in turn, can provide a homogeneous catalogue for moderate to large regional Indian earthquakes. The data transmission from remote stations to the central server at CSIR-National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI) is quasi-real-time since it is connected by GPRS and VSAT. Using the proposed region specific magnitude relationships it becomes possible to estimate reliable magnitudes for moderate to large regional Indian earthquakes ($M_{w} \leq 7.2$) within 30 min of the occurrence of an event.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      B NARESH1 PRANTIK MANDAL1 SOLOMON RAJU1 R VIJAYA RAGHAVAN1 G SURESH1 D SRINAGESH1

      1. CSIR-National Geophysical Research Institute, Uppal Road, Hyderabad 500 007, India
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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