• Phase petrographic, thermobarometric and petrochemical significance of Cretaceous mafic dykes along Nongchram Fault Zone of Swangkre–Rongmil area of Shillong plateau, NE India: Implications for genetic link to Kerguelen mantle plume

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    • Keywords

       

      Phase petrography Nongchram fault; Shillong plateau; Kerguelen plateau

    • Abstract

       

      The present study elucidates the phase petrographic and petrochemical signatures of a group of Cretaceous maBc dykes emplaced in the Precambrian gneissic basement complex in the western part of the Shillong plateau, NE India, in order to trace their petrological, geotectonic, geothermobarometric and oxybarometric status. The whole rock geochemistry discriminates the dykes as basaltic andesites and basaltic trachyandesites genetically related to each other and derived from common parent magma. The enrichment in LREE relative to HREE and HFSE, systematic Nb anomalies, moderate MREE to HREE fractionation suggests variable depths of melting of slightly enriched mantle source in the garnet stability field. As per geochemical modelling, the studied dykes are derived by 3–5% non-modal batch melting of garnet peridotite source at melting depth of $\sim 65–80\rm{km}$. The clinopyroxene thermobarometry reveals a temperature span of $1250–800^{0}\rm{C}$ and <2 kb pressure of crystallization for the dykes. The oxygen fugacity (16.82–18.25) indicates extremely reducing conditions at the time of cooling. The very good correlation of petrochemical and phase chemical data with Kerguelen plume derived Rajmahal Group II basalt, Sylhet volcanics and some ODP (ocean drilling project) sites from Kerguelen basalts implicate a genetic link of the studied dykes with Kerguelen mantle plume. Finally, the present study deciphers subalkaline nature of the studied dyke rocks that have been generated by tholeiitic magmas probably in an anorogenic extensional environment. But we need more geochemical data especially good isotope geochronologic data to get a clear picture of the studied dyke.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      NIVA RANI DEVI1

      1. Arya Vidyapeeth College, Guwahati, Assam, India
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