• Evolution of the hydraulic properties of deep fault zone under high water pressure

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    • Keywords

       

      Fault zone; water injection test; splitting pressure; equivalent hydraulic gap width; safety factor

    • Abstract

       

      Repeated water injection tests with varied injection flow rates are conducted on a fault zone under the roadway floor to study the evolution of the hydraulic properties of fault zone under high water pressure. Based on the analysis of test results, the evolution process of the hydraulic properties of fault zone under high water pressure can be divided into three successive stages: the initial infiltration stage, the splitting stage, and the scouring infiltration stage. It is found that in the splitting stage and the scouring infiltration stage, the hydraulic conductivity of fault zone increases rapidly under the condition of sufficient water supply, and this is likely to evolve into a large-flow-rate water inrush accident. Therefore, the safety factor e of fault zone should be defined as the ratio of the splitting pressure of fault zone $P_{f}$ over the aquifer pressure $P_{h}$, i.e., $e = P_{f} /P_{h}$; when e < 1, water inrush may occur in the fault. Based on the results in this study, a new method is proposed for assessing the risk of fault.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      ZIWEI QIAN1 ZHENQUAN JIANG1 YUNZHANG GUAN2

      1. School of Resources and Earth Sciences, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221 116, Jiangsu, China.
      2. Yanzhou Coal Mining Co. Ltd., Yanzhou Coal Mining Company, Zoucheng 273 500, Shandong, China.
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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