Revisiting the boundary between the Lower and Upper Vindhyan, Son valley, India
SABYASACHI MANDAL ADRITA CHOUDHURI INDRANI MONDAL SUBIR SARKAR PARTHA PRATIM CHAKRABORTY SANTANU BANERJEE
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The placement of the boundary between the Lower and the Upper Vindhyan in the Son valley, an unconformity, has long been at the centre of a raging debate. At the Bundelkhand sector, it is placedbetween the Rohtas Limestone and the Sasaram Sandstone (Lower Quartzite). On the other hand, in the Son valley sector, it is placed between the Bhagwar Shale and the Kaimur Formation. The recent study reveals the existence of ca. 12 m thick sandstone between the Bhagwar Shale and Rohtas Limestone, traced over 150 km in the Son valley sector. Based on in-depth facies constituents and facies tracts, this sandstone is an exact equivalent of the Sasaram Sandstone in the Bundelkhand sector. Its base is strongly erosional and limestone and chert clasts derived from the underlying Rohtas Limestone are abundantly present at the basal part of the sandstone and the unconformity between the Upper and Lower Vindhyan are likely to be present in between.
SABYASACHI MANDAL1 ADRITA CHOUDHURI2 INDRANI MONDAL1 SUBIR SARKAR1 PARTHA PRATIM CHAKRABORTY3 SANTANU BANERJEE4
Volume 132, 2023
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