Jurassic succession has resulted in prolific oil and gas reservoirs in southwest Iran. In order to geochemically investigate the Jurassic petroleum system and assess the source rock of these hydrocarbons, 32 source rock samples (from well cutting and surface section) and 4 condensate samples were analysed using geochemical approaches. Rock-Eval pyrolysis and vitrinite reflectance measurement were done on rock samples. Then, condensate samples and source rock extracts were subjected to gas chromatography, gas chromatography–mass spectrometry and isotopic analyses in order to establish oil–oil and oil–source rock correlation. The hydrocarbon generation prediction was then confirmed by petroleum system modelling. The results indicated that the middle Jurassic Sargelu Formation with average total organic carbon (TOC) and hydrogen index values of 3.8% and 600 mg HC/g TOC, respectively, can be classified as good to excellent source rock with kerogen of type II. The maturity indicators revealed late oil to wet gas generation window for the Jurassic Sargelu Formation. Biomarker parameters showed marine carbonate source rock with advanced level of thermal maturity for the source rock of the condensates. Furthermore, there were good correlations between Jurassic Sargelu Formation and the studied oil and condensate samples which proved the Sargelu Formation as the main source rock of the Jurassic petroleum system in the study area. The basin modelling results also confirmed late oil to wet gas window maturity for the Sargelu Formation enabling it as a source rock for generating gas condensate accumulation in southwest Iran. The hydrocarbon generation from Sargelu Formation began in the late Cretaceous and its peak expulsion occurred in the Miocene time.
Volume 129, 2020
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