• Physico-chemical conditions of four calc-alkaline granitoid plutons of Chhotanagpur Gneissic Complex, eastern India: Tectonic implications

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    • Keywords


      Calc-alkaline granitoids; mineral chemistry; intensive parameters; Chhotanagpur Gneissic Complex; eastern India.

    • Abstract


      Petrography and mineralogy of four calc-alkaline granitoid plutons Agarpur, Sindurpur, Raghunathpur and Sarpahari located from west to east of northern Purulia of Chhotanagpur Gneissic Complex, eastern India, are investigated. The plutons, as a whole, are composed of varying proportions of Qtz–Pl–Kfs–Bt–Hbl$\pm$Px–Ttn–Mag–Ap–Zrn$\pm$Ep. The composition of biotite is consistent with those of calc-alkaline granitoids. Hornblende–plagioclase thermometry, aluminium-in-hornblende barometry and the assemblage sphene–magnetite–quartz were used to determine the P, T and $f_{\rm{O}_2}$ during the crystallisation of the parent magmas in different plutons. The plutons are crystallised under varying pressures (6.2–2.4 kbar) and a wide range of temperatures (896–718 $^{\circ}$C) from highly oxidised magmas (log $f_{\rm{O}_2}$ $-$11.2 to $-$15.4 bar). The water content of the magma of different plutons varied from 5.0 to 6.5 wt%, consistent with the calc-alkaline nature of the magma. Calc-alkaline nature, high oxygen fugacity and high H$_{2}$O$_{\rm{melt}}$ suggest that these plutons were emplaced in subduction zone environment. The depths of emplacement of these plutons seem to increase from west to east. Petrologic compositions of these granitoids continuously change from enderbite (opx-tonalite: Sarpahari) in the east to monzogranite (Raghunathpur) to syenogranite (Sindurpur) to alkali feldspar granite (Agarpur) in the west. The water contents of the parental magmas of different plutons also increase systematically from east to west. No substantial increase in the depth of emplacement is found in these plutons lying south and north of the major shear zone passing through the study area suggesting the strike-slip nature of the east–west shear zone.

    • Author Affiliations


      Goswami B1 Roy P1 Basak A1 Das S1 Bhattacharyya C1

      1. Department of Geology, University of Calcutta, 35 Ballygunge Circular Road, Kolkata 700 019, India.
    • Dates

  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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