• The sensitivity to the microphysical schemes on the skill of forecasting the track and intensity of tropical cyclones using WRF-ARW model

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jess/126/04/0057

    • Keywords

       

      Tropical cyclones; WRF-ARW model; microphysical schemes; track and intensity errors; skills.

    • Abstract

       

      The Advanced Research WRF (ARW) model is used to simulate Very Severe Cyclonic Storms (VSCS) Hudhud (7–13 October, 2014), Phailin (8–14 October, 2013) and Lehar (24–29 November, 2013) to investigate the sensitivity to microphysical schemes on the skill of forecasting track and intensity of the tropical cyclones for high-resolution (9 and 3 km) 120-hr model integration. For cloud resolving grid scale (<5 km) cloud microphysics plays an important role. The performance of the Goddard, Thompson, LIN and NSSL schemes are evaluated and compared with observations and a CONTROL forecast. This study is aimed to investigate the sensitivity to microphysics on the track and intensity with explicitly resolved convection scheme. It shows that the Goddard one-moment bulk liquid-ice microphysical scheme provided the highest skill on the track whereas for intensity both Thompson and Goddard microphysical schemes perform better. The Thompson scheme indicates the highest skill in intensity at 48, 96 and 120 hr, whereas at 24 and 72 hr, the Goddard scheme provides the highest skill in intensity. It is known that higher resolution domain produces better intensity and structure of the cyclones and it is desirable to resolve the convection with sufficiently high resolution and with the use of explicit cloud physics. This study suggests that the Goddard cumulus ensemble microphysical scheme is suitable for high resolution ARW simulation for TC’s track and intensity over the BoB. Although the present study is based on only three cyclones, it could be useful for planning real-time predictions using ARW modelling system.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Devanil Choudhury1 2 Someshwar Das3

      1. Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Fine Arts Avenue, Kochi 682 016, India.
      2. Present address: National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting, A-50, Institutional Area, Sector 62, Noida, UP 201 309, India.
      3. India Meteorological Department, Lodhi Road, New Delhi 110 003, India.
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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