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      Permanent link:
      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jess/123/04/0641-0650

    • Keywords

       

      Microwave radiometer; brightness temperature; inversion model; forward model.

    • Abstract

       

      Ground-based microwave radiometers are getting great attention in recent years due to their capability to profile the temperature and humidity at high temporal and vertical resolution in the lower troposphere. The process of retrieving these parameters from the measurements of radiometric brightness temperature ($T_B$) includes the inversion algorithm, which uses the background information from a forward model. In the present study, an algorithm development and evaluation of this forward model for a ground-based microwave radiometer, being developed by Society for Applied Microwave Electronics Engineering and Research (SAMEER) of India, is presented. Initially, the analysis of absorption coefficient and weighting function at different frequencies was made to select the channels. Further the range of variation of $T_B$ for these selected channels for the year 2011, over the two stations Mumbai and Delhi is discussed. Finally the comparison between forward-model simulated $T_B$s and radiometer measured $T_B$s at Mahabaleshwar (73.66°E and 17.93°N) is done to evaluate the model. There is good agreement between model simulations and radiometer observations, which suggests that these forward model simulations can be used as background for inversion models for retrieving the temperature and humidity profiles.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      S Rambabu1 J S Pillai1 A Agarwal1 G Pandithurai2

      1. Society for Applied Microwave Electronics Engineering and Research (SAMEER), Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, Mumbai 400 076, India.
      2. Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune 411 008, India.
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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