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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jess/122/06/1495-1505

    • Keywords

       

      Sohagpur Gondwana basin; high resolution seismic reflection survey; coal beds; faults.

    • Abstract

       

      Gondwana sedimentary basins in the Indian Shield preserve a rich record of tectonic, sedimentary and volcanic processes that affected Gondwanaland. The Gondwana rocks were deposited in the linear rift basins that were formed during Permian–Cretaceous time, similar to their neighbours in Australia, Africa and Antarctica. In this study, we illustrate how Gondwana tectonics affected the Sohagpur Gondwana basin that occurs at the junction of the Mahanadi and Son–Narmada rift systems in the central India, through a high-resolution seismic reflection study along six profiles, covering the central part of the Sohagpur basin. The study reveals (1) ∼1000 m thick, gently dipping Barakar Formation, (2) thick coal seams at a depth of 350–550 m, and (3) NNW–SSE to NW–SE striking steeply dipping normal faults defining rift geometry. These results indicate that the Sohagpur basin contains a thick Lower Gondwana sedimentary succession with a high potential of coal resources and were affected by extensional tectonics. The rift structure in the study area is a syn- to post-sedimentary deformational structure that was formed arguably in response to tectonics that pervasively affected Gondwanaland.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      K Dhanam1 P Senthil Kumar1 D Mysaiah1 P Prabhakara Prasad1 T Seshunarayana1

      1. National Geophysical Research Institute, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Uppal Road, Hyderabad 500 606, India.
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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