• Modelling soil erosion risk based on RUSLE-3D using GIS in a Shivalik sub-watershed

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    • Keywords

       

      RUSLE–3D model; DEM; Shivalik hills; sub-watershed; soil erosion risk potential.

    • Abstract

       

      The RUSLE-3D (Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation-3D) model was implemented in geographic information system (GIS) for predicting the soil loss and the spatial patterns of soil erosion risk required for soil conservation planning. High resolution remote sensing data (IKONOS and IRS LISS-IV) were used to prepare land use/land cover and soil maps to derive the vegetation cover and the soil erodibility factor whereas Digital Elevation Model (DEM) was used to generate spatial topographic factor. Soil erodibility (K) factor in the sub-watershed ranged from 0.30 to 0.48. The sub-watershed is dominated by natural forest in the hilly landform and agricultural land in the piedmont and alluvial plains. Average soil loss was predicted to be lowest in very dense forest and highest in the open forest in the hilly landform. Agricultural land-1 and agriculture land-2 to have moderately high and low soil erosion risk, respectively. The study predicted that 15% area has ‘moderate’ to ‘moderately high’ and 26% area has high to very high risk of soil erosion in the sub-watershed.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Suresh Kumar1 S P S Kushwaha2

      1. Agriculture and Soils Department, Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, ISRO, Dehradun 248 001, India.
      2. Forestry and Ecology Department, Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, ISRO, Dehradun 248 001, India.
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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