The chemical composition of groundwater within the multilayer Jeffara aquifer and the detailed analysis of saturation indices enables identification of the origin of mineralization and hydrogeochemical processes occurring in groundwater. It has been demonstrated that groundwater is mainly characterized by a Ca–Mg–SO4–Cl water type. Geochemical pattern is controlled by the dissolution of evaporites, largely abundant in the study area and incongruent dissolution of dolomite. Gypsum, anhydrite, mirabilite and thenardite have been examined as potential sources of sulphate dissolved in groundwater. Since Jeffara groundwater is recharged by the Continental Intercalaire (CI) geothermal water, water temperature decreases from the CI to the Jeffara aquifer. Solubility of the majority of minerals is modified by this change in temperature and thus a mixing process of thermal and non-thermal waters was examined.
Volume 129, 2020
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