• Wintertime land surface characteristics in climatic simulations over the western Himalayas

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jess/121/02/0329-0344

    • Keywords

       

      Systematic bias; regional climate; western Himalayas; western disturbances.

    • Abstract

       

      Wintertime regional climate studies over the western Himalayas with ICTP-RegCM3 simulations through 22 years has shown systematic biases in precipitation and temperature fields. The model simulated precipitation shows systematically wet bias. In surface temperature simulations, positive and negative biases of 2°–4°C occurred. Experiment without (CONT) and with subBATS (SUB) shows that later scheme performs better, especially for precipitation. Apart from the role of topography and model internal variability, land surface characteristics also have profound impact on these climatic variables. Therefore, in the present study, impacts of land surface characteristics are investigated through cool/wet and warm/dry winter climate by CONT and SUB simulations to assess systematic biases. Since SUB experiment uses detailed land-use classification, systematic positive biases in temperature over higher elevation peaks are markedly reduced. The change has shown reduced excessive precipitation as well. Most of the surface characteristics show that major interplay between topography and western disturbances (WDs) takes place along the foothills rather than over the higher peaks of the western Himalayas.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      A P Dimri1 2

      1. School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India.
      2. Present address: Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center (HyARC), Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan.
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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