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    • Keywords


      Aerosol optical depth; ˚Angstrom coefficients; Multi-wavelength Radiometer; fractional asymmetry factor; meteorological parameters.

    • Abstract


      Aerosol parameters are measured using a ground-based Multi-wavelength Radiometer (MWR) at Mohal (31.90°N, 77.11°E, 1154 m amsl) in the Kullu valley during clear sky days of a seasonal year. The study shows that the values of spectral aerosol optical depths (AODs) at 500 nm and the Ångstrom turbidity coefficient ‘𝛽’ (a measure of columnar loading in atmosphere) are high (0.41 ± 0.03, 0.27 ± 0.01) in summer, moderate (0.30 ± 0.03, 0.15 ± 0.03) in monsoon, low (0.19 ± 0.02, 0.08 ± 0.01) in winter and lowest (0.18 ± 0.01, 0.07 ± 0.01) in autumn, respectively. The Ångstrom wavelength exponent ‘𝛼’ (indicator of the fraction of accumulation-mode particles to coarse-mode particles) has an opposite trend having lowest value (0.64 ± 0.06) in summer, low (0.99 ± 0.10) in monsoon, moderate (1.20 ± 0.15) in winter and highest value (1.52 ± 0.03) in autumn. The annual mean value of AOD at 500 nm, ‘𝛼’ and ‘𝛽’ are 0.24 ± 0.01, 1.06 ± 0.09 and 0.14 ± 0.01, respectively. The fractional asymmetry factor is more negative in summer due to enhanced tourists’ arrival and also in autumn months due to the monthlong International Kullu Dussehra fair. The AOD values given by MWR and satellite-based moderate resolution imaging spectro-radiometer have good correlation of 0.76, 0.92 and 0.97 on diurnal, monthly and seasonal basis, respectively. The AODs at 500 nm as well as ‘𝛽’ are found to be highly correlated, while ‘𝛼’ is found to be strongly anti-correlated with temperature and wind speed suggesting high AODs and turbidity but low concentration of fine particles during hot and windy days. With wind direction, the AOD and ‘𝛽’ are found to be strongly anti-correlated, while ‘𝛼’ is strongly correlated.

    • Author Affiliations


      Nand L Sharma1 Jagdish C Kuniyal2 Mahavir Singh3 Pitamber P Dhyani4 Raj P Guleria2 Harinder K Thakur2 Pan S Rawat5

      1. Department of Physics, Government Post Graduate College, Kullu 175 101, India.
      2. G.B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment & Development, Himachal Unit, Mohal-Kullu 175 126, India.
      3. Department of Physics, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla 171 005, India.
      4. G.B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment & Development, Kosi-Katarmal, Almora 243 643, India.
      5. Department of Physics, Kumaun University, DSB Campus, Nainital 263 002, India.
    • Dates

  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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