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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jess/120/06/1145-1154

    • Keywords

       

      Dinoflagellates; prasinoxanthin; HPLC; pigment composition; phytoplankton bloom.

    • Abstract

       

      An unusual phytoplankton bloom dominated by unidentified green coloured spherical algal cells (∼5 𝜇 m diameter) and dinoflagellates (Heterocapsa, Scripsiella and Gymnodinium) was encountered along the coast of Goa, India during 27 and 29 January, 2005. Pigment analysis was carried out using both fluorometric and HPLC methods. Seawater samples collected from various depths within the intense bloom area showed high concentrations of Chl 𝑎 (up to 106 mg m−3) associated with low bacterial production (0.31 to 0.52 mg C m−3 h−1) and mesozooplankton biomass (0.03 ml m−3). Pigment analyses of the seawater samples were done using HPLC detected marker pigments corresponding to prasinophytes, dinoflagellates and diatoms. Chlorophyll 𝑏 (36–56%) followed by peridinin (15–30%), prasinoxanthin (11–17%) and fucoxanthin (7–15%) were the major diagnostic pigments while pigments of cryptophytes and cyanobacteria including alloxanthin and zeaxanthin formed > 10%. Although microscopic analysis indicated a decline in the bloom, pheaophytin concentrations in the water column measured by both techniques were very low, presumably due to fast recycling and/or settling rate. The unique composition of the bloom and its probable causes are discussed in this paper.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      P V Bhaskar1 2 Rajdeep Roy3 Mangesh Gauns3 D M Shenoy3 V D Rao3 S Mochemadkar3

      1. CIMA, Faculty of Science & Technology, Campus de Gambelas, Universidad do Algarve, Faro, Portugal.
      2. Present address: National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research (NCAOR), Ministry of Earth Sciences, Headland Sada, Vasco-da-Gama, Goa 403 804, India.
      3. National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa 403 004, India.
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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