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    • Keywords


      Radio occultation; lifted index; atmospheric stability; rainfall nowcasting.

    • Abstract


      A new stability index based on atmospheric refractivity at ∼500 hPa level and surface measurements of temperature, pressure and humidity is formulated. The new index named here as refractivity based lifted index (RLI) is designed to give similar results as traditionally used lifted index derived from radiosonde profiles of temperature, pressure and humidity. The formulation of the stability index and its comparison with the traditional temperature profile based lifted index (LI) is discussed. The index is tested on COSMIC radio occultation derived refractivity profiles over Indian region. The forecast potential of the new index for rainfall on 2° × 2° latitude–longitude spatial scale with lead time of 3–24 hours indicate that the refractivity based lifted index works better than the traditional temperature based lifted index for the Indian monsoon region. Decreasing values of RLI tend to give increasing rainfall probabilities.

    • Author Affiliations


      D Jagadheesha1 B Manikiam2 Neerja Sharma3 P K Pal4

      1. Atmospheric Science Programme, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) Head Quarters, Bangalore 560 094, India.
      2. Department of Physics, Tumkur University, Tumkur 572 102, India.
      3. Atmospheric Sciences and Oceanography Group, National Remote Sensing Centre, Balanagar, Hyderabad 500 625, India.
      4. Meteorology and Oceanography Group, Remote Sensing Applications Area, Space Applications Centre, Ahmedabad 380 015, India.
    • Dates

  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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